You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an automated, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay virtually any loan boils down to one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary, each agency uses the following to determine your credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Typical home buyers likely find their FICO scores falling above 620.
FICO makes a huge difference in interest rates
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my credit score?
What can you do about your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Because the score is based on your lifelong credit history, it's hard to change it quickly. You should, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
How do I find out my credit score?
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to know your score and make certain that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the original FICO score, offers scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at (281) 778-0805.