Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Because our society is so computer-driven, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay virtually any loan boils down to one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building a credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following factors to calculate your credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for just a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted differently depending on the formula being used. The result is one number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Your score affects your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your FICO score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Because the score is based on your lifelong credit history, it's hard to make a significant improvement in the number with quick fixes. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
In order to improve your credit score, you've got to have the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO score, offers FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to quickly get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your credit score? Call us: (281) 778-0805.