You Credit Score- How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
The FICO score is built by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history of your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans and the like.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to build a score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary slightly by agency. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Is it possible to raise your FICO score? Since the FICO score is based on your lifelong credit history, it's very hard to make a significant improvement in the score with quick fixes. (Of course you can and should remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to get your score and be sure that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO score, offers FICO scores on myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Call us: (281) 778-0805.